The official language of the Czech Republic is Czech, which is spoken by over 96% of its inhabitants. But don't worry, nowadays you should have no problems communicating in English in most towns, and to a lesser extent in German. Older people often speak Russian and German. But French, Italian or Spanish are not very much spoken by the locals.
Czech is a Slavic language, this category also includes Polish, Slovak, Russian, Slovenian, Serbo-Croatian,...
Although the Czech language is a very difficult one, we recommend that you try learning a few phrases. The Czechs will welcome your effort and will be all the more willing to help you.
The Czech alphabet has 32 vowels and consonants. Most consonants are pronounced the same way as in English.
Vowels with an accent (ý, í, á, é, ú) or a small circle (ů), are long.
The specific accent placed on some consonants and vowels (š, č, ř, ž, ě) modifies the pronunciation of the letter: for example š is pronounced "sh"; č is pronounced "tsh" and ě is pronounced "ye".
The letter "r" is pronounced similarly as in Spanish, it is rolled.
You will often see several consonants one after the other in many Czech words, as if the use of vowels had completely been forgotten... a nice challenge for most foreigners who can expect many fits of laughter when trying to read signs and other writings in the streets of Prague!
SEVERAL USEFUL PHRASES
||Dobrý den||dobri den|
|Good evening||Dobrý večer||dobri vetsher|
|How are you?||Jak se máte ?||yak se maate|
|How much does it cost?||Kolik to stojí ?||kolik to stoyi|
|I don't understand||Nerozumím||nerozoomeem|
|Do you speak English?||Mluvíte anglicky, francouzsky ?||mlooveete anglitski|
|I don't speak Czech||Nemluvím česky||nemlooveem tsheski|
|Good bye||Na shledanou||nass-hledanou|
|Big / little||Velký / malý||velky / maly|
|More / less||Více / méně||veetse / menye|
|Hot / cold||Horký / studený||horki / stoodeni|
|Stamp / Postcard||Znamká / Pohlednici||znaamka / pohledneetse|